11 Oct

BBC David Hockneys Secret Knowledge


Draw the joints on your hand, or someone else hand. Avoid drawing from photographs. Aim to get the proportions correct, using a long implement like a brush handle to measure the basic proportions, whilst plotting the main points on the paper.. i.e. how many heads fit into the overall length of the body position in front of you. In addition, I would not rely on what you think you are drawing, but on what you actually see and measure

Drawing Measuring Techniques

  • Use the pencil
  • Elbow looked straight
  • Head on the shoulder
  • Close one eye
  • Draw wrapping around
  • Measure details


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How to measure:

Standing or sitting, make sure you can relocate to the spot you are in, hold your arm out fully stretched, with brush at 45 degrees to the floor, measure using the top of the brush; let’s say from the top of the head…. to the bottom of the head, where you can use your thumb as a gauge.



Take measuring seriously.



  • Parcel paper with charcoal and some white acrylic
  • Use the matt side as some have a glossy side (You get them in a post office) it’s the cheapest way to get a mid-tone on the paper, as long as it’s not too dark
  • Use a large board (preferably on an easel) slightly larger than A2 would be ideal, but if not, then what ever you can get your hands on. Use the whole page, be bold and accurate all at the same time… its tricky, but it is how you will learn
  • Use the mid tone of the paper as a guide, as it permits for the darkest darks and the lightest lights, whilst acting as a mid-range between the two
  • make constant reference to the old master, they are your best lecturers.

Doodles, scribbles, sketches, notes and ideas.

Visual thinking, critical thinking, cultural references.

  • Use initiative
  • Get drawing
  • Line (thick and thin)
  • Tonal
  • Chromatic color ranges
  • Figure drawing
  • Distance
  • Perspective

How well do you observe, and demonstrate your sense of expression within these confines?

The best lecturers are in the library, or on google images or Pintrest.

Draw and sketch everything, post it all on your blog.

Look at the masters, look at how they use line. The variants of thickness they achieve, and how they use this to emphasize form and sense of light. Observe there use of tonal variants.. again, from lightest lights ranging all the way through to darkest darks.

  • Old renaissance masters
  • Leonrdo`s note books
  • Van Goughs diaries
  • PiccasoPabloPicasso-Les-Demoiselles-dAvignon-1907.jpg


  • Monets
  • Rembrandt
  • Goya
  • Degas
  • Michelangelo
  • The politics of Jacques-Louis David (french painter)
  • Sotheby


Learn about

Ask proper questions!


Happy drawing! happy painting!




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