Category Archives: Form and Context (UM1FOC101)
Now the drawing course is over for this time, but it’s only the course that is over. I love to draw, and this I will do more. Try to set my goal to draw at least four days a week. So going to post images occasionally of my progress. As final of my art in this course I drew an Indian girl with a glass of muddy water. Not everyone has access to clean water. A little hard to get depth with colors, that I have to work more on.
She did not look totally realistic yet, but I’ll be better when I have practiced more.
Thank you for 7 exciting weeks of drawing. This has been incredibly fun. Can not wait to see the continuation of this chapter.
I wanted to draw a girl looking at the water through a hole in the wall. This represents that those who are not doing well, knows there’s something better out there, they just can not reach it.
I used markers and fine line to make this drawing. Love the way the markers look on the paper. Clear colors.
prise is 252,60 nok for all you need, beside camera 🙂
How to record your drawings
Biltema.no is the store I use
26210 – Plastglass 40x60x04 x 1 = 139kr
87534 – Veggskinne 64cm x 2 = 53,80kr
87544 – Brakett 47cm x 2 = 59,80kr
all in total 252,60kr
Happy recording 😛
ART CRITICISM AND FORMAL ANALYSIS OUTLINE
Defining Art Criticism
- Art criticism is responding to, interpreting meaning, and making critical judgments about specific works of art.
- Art critics help viewers perceive, interpret, and judge artworks.
- Critics tend to focus more on modern and contemporary art from cultures close to their own.
- Art historians tend to study works made in cultures that are more distant in time and space.
- When initially introduced to art criticism, many people associate negative connotations with the word “criticism.”
A professional art critic may be
- a newspaper reporter assigned to the art beat,
- a scholar writing for professional journals or texts, or
- an artist writing about other artists.
Journalistic criticism –
- Written for the general public, includes reviews of art exhibitions in galleries and museums.
- (Suggestions that journalistic criticism deals with art mainly to the extent that it is newsworthy.)
Scholarly art criticism
- Written for a more specialized art audience and appears in art journals.
- Scholar-critics may be college and university professors or museum curators, often with particular knowledge about a style, period, medium, or artist.
-Four levels of formal analysis, which you can use to explain a work of art:
- Description = pure description of the object without value judgments,
analysis, or interpretation.
- It answers the question, “What do you see?”
- The various elements that constitute a description include:
- Form of art whether architecture, sculpture, painting or one of the minor arts
- Medium of work whether clay, stone, steel, paint, etc., and technique (tools used)
- Size and scale of work (relationship to person and/or frame and/or context)
- Elements or general shapes (architectural structural system) within the composition, including building of post-lintel construction or painting with several figures lined up in a row; identification of objects
- Description of axis whether vertical, diagonal, horizontal, etc.
- Description of line, including contour as soft, planar, jagged, etc.
- Description of how line describes shape and space (volume); distinguish between lines of objects and lines of composition, e.g., thick, thin, variable, irregular, intermittent, indistinct, etc.
- Relationships between shapes, e.g., large and small, overlapping, etc.
- Description of color and color scheme = palette
- Texture of surface or other comments about execution of work
- Context of object: original location and date
- Analysis = determining what the features suggest and deciding why the artist used such features to convey specific ideas.
- It answers the question, “How did the artist do it?”
- The various elements that constitute analysis include:
- Determination of subject matter through naming iconographic elements, e.g., historical event, allegory, mythology, etc.
- Selection of most distinctive features or characteristics whether line, shape, color, texture, etc.
- Analysis of the principles of design or composition, e.g., stable,
repetitious, rhythmic, unified, symmetrical, harmonious, geometric, varied, chaotic, horizontal or vertically oriented, etc.
- Discussion of how elements or structural system contribute to appearance of image or function
- Analysis of use of light and role of color, e.g., contrasty, shadowy,
illogical, warm, cool, symbolic, etc.
- Treatment of space and landscape, both real and illusionary (including use of perspective), e.g., compact, deep, shallow, naturalistic, random
- Portrayal of movement and how it is achieved
- Effect of particular medium(s) used
- Your perceptions of balance, proportion and scale (relationships of each part of the composition to the whole and to each other part) and your emotional
- Reaction to object or monument
- Interpretation = establishing the broader context for this type of art.
- It answers the question, “Why did the artist create it and what does it mean
- The various elements that constitute interpretation include:
- Main idea, overall meaning of the work.
- Interpretive Statement: Can I express what I think the artwork is about in one sentence?
- Evidence: What evidence inside or outside the artwork supports my interpretation?
- Judgment: Judging a piece of work means giving it rank in relation to other works and of course considering a very important aspect of the visual arts; its originality.
- Is it a good artwork?
- Criteria: What criteria do I think are most appropriate for judging the artwork?
- Evidence: What evidence inside or outside the artwork relates to each criterion?
- Judgment: Based on the criteria and evidence, what is my judgment about the quality of the artwork?
Barrett’s Principles of Interpretation
- Artworks have “aboutness” and demand interpretation.
- Interpretations are persuasive arguments.
- Some interpretations are better than others.
- Good interpretations of art tell more about the artwork than they tell about the critic.
- Feelings are guides to interpretations.
- There can be different, competing, and contradictory interpretations of the same artwork.
- Interpretations are often based on a worldview.
- Interpretations are not so much absolutely right, but more or less reasonable, convincing, enlightening, and informative.
- Interpretations can be judged by coherence, correspondence, and inclusiveness.
- An artwork is not necessarily about what the artist wanted it to be about.
- A critic ought not to be the spokesperson for the artist.
- Interpretations ought to present the work in its best rather than its weakest light.
- The objects of interpretation are artworks, not artists.
- All art is in part about the world in which it emerged.
- All art is in part about other art.
- No single interpretation is exhaustive of the meaning of an artwork.
- The meanings of an artwork may be different from its significance to the viewer. Interpretation is ultimately a communal endeavor, and the community is ultimately self- corrective.
- Good interpretations invite us to see for ourselves and to continue on our own.
Barrett, Terry. (1994) Criticizing Art: Understanding the Contemporary. Mountain View, California: Mayfield Publishing Company.
Children and adult go thirsty, this is a huge problem. How can we through art tell the story?
I think that a lot of truth appears in the eyes of a child. So how about making children eyes to water.
Do you know how much water we use on everything? Not only shower and washing up, but how many gallons of water it takes to make one t-shirt, a piece of paper or even a car. I had no idea.
Cotton t-shirt 400 gallons of water
Car 39000 gallons of water
One paper 2,6 gallons of water
And still people die from not having water.
Some 1.1 billion people in developing countries have inadequate access to water
2.6 billion people lack basic sanitation
Lack of water is closely related to poverty:
Almost two in three people lacking access to clean water survive on less than $2 a day, with one in three living on less than $1 a day
More than 660 million people without sanitation live on less than $2 a day, and more than 385 million on less than $1 a day.
Some 1.8 million children die each year as a result of diarrhea
Rain water comes down from the clouds, when the sun comes the water is converted into steam that rises up in the air again. This means that when the wind blows, the steam will move to a new area. When it rains here it will all happen again.
http://www.nb.no/nbsok/nb/0721f68b8f3e9db4d9029972c40eb11b?index=4#4 Water, the true crisis by Terje Tvedt. Lack of water and drying time is not the same. Lack of water means that there is no water, dried intermittently. Chronic lack of water means that all times are without water.
http://www.nb.no/nbsok/nb/903a828ff0d4116894ecf54c7c9f440f?index=1#3 Water, what do you think when you hear this word? Cool clear water? one glass of refreshing water to quench your thirst with? delicious bath outside in summer, perhaps in the bathtub? or how about a fishing trip? Not everyone is so fortunate. Some countries are struggling with that they do not get rain, and there will almost nothing heal. Animals and humans die of thirst. Water that stands still in ponds are often dirty and muddy. Who would drink this, can you drink this? More fall ill because they have no clean source of water.
http://www.nb.no/nbsok/nb/0721f68b8f3e9db4d9029972c40eb11b?index=4#0 The problem that people do not have enough drinking water, has lasted for many years. They had here a diagram of 1980/1990 where they clearly show that millions of people do not have clean water or water at all and drink.
A drop of water
http://www.nb.no/nbsok/nb/a47abcae7b3844ee5900d3f832161ca7?index=61#14 What can you use water for?
We have a new challenge. We shall draw until Monday. We can use all techniques we will, all colors and drawing materials we want. Here there are no boundaries, only possibilities.
One of the things I need to work on is to draw quick sketches that looks like what I want to draw. My goal for the week is to learn quick sketches better and at the end of the week.
Day 01. I decided to prepare my days. Today I have drawn something visually from my window, and a little imagination. Neighbor great house with a lovely swimming pool was a decent start. After that it was feeding the fine birds out. I love drawing birds. Otherwise, I drew some imaginative eyes. One of the best things I drew was my kid while she was drawing. That was fun.
Day 02. Travel out of the house, we have a lot of great nature in Eidsvoll I know we have a farm nearby. Drawn some of the animals there were cows and some sheep. Here I practiced drawing quick sketches. This was great fun, but hard to get them to stand still. Did someone dear who flew with cows, draw they also like quick sketches. Got a drawing of the farm as well, this I spent some time, but was only in sketch my book. Here I practiced a little on realistic professions and goals. Found one great tree, here I cut out a hole in a sheet that I used as a framework for what I was going to draw, it was pretty cool.
After a long day, out, I went to a cafe to draw people, this proved to be a bit scary. I was a little fearful of offending those who were at the cafe. Then there were some sketches of things on the table, food and drink. Drew a chair in the room and an imaginative pig and dog. Used very little color, only colors I used were colors on the Tree, here I tried to add color with some shadows. It made the shape became rounder.
One of the things I most noticed today is that I see the forms and ways to draw everything around me. I see a cow, I see several forms put together, not just a cow. I draw now all the time in my head, and I have a lot of fun with it.
Day 03. Were at the cafe again today, but this time I did not traveled alone. Was very lucky that my husband would be joining.
I drew a lady who was outside, she had great woolen sweater, scarf and hat. Liked to draw her, liked the pattern and colors. Besides that, there were two children and a man with his phone. I draw the shape of the people first, and afterwards the details difficult to draw someone who is not sitting still, but there is something special when they do not know they are drawn. In the evening, I drew some nice candles and my gorgeous feet in pink. Exciting drawing with colors.
Day 4. Today I drew a picture with soft pastel at the paper quality and filmed it. You can then see how I blender colors of background before I draw grass detail on top. Used beautiful fall colors and imagination to create the image.
My goal for the week is achieved, I draw a sketch much easier now than before, I have a lot more to learn, but this is the first step.